Quora answer: “What do you think of the Mercedes X-class pickup truck? It’s based on Nissan Navara platform. Is it worth buying?”

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What do you think of the Mercedes X-class pickup truck? It’s based on Nissan Navara platform. Is it worth buying?



It depends on what you’re going to use it for.

If you’re in the market for a car with the practicality of a pickup, then it isn’t a bad buy.

But I wouldn’t recommend it if you’re looking for a reliable workhorse to do some heavy lifting with.

For starters, I’m not quite sure on the reliability of the newer Nissans. I know the older ones were bulletproof, but I have heard quite some negative reviews about the new ones when it comes to reliability.

Secondly, you might find the 2.3L dual-turbo Diesel engine underpowered if you want to tow something like a horsebox or if you want to carry something heavy in the loading bay.

Thirdly, with the new Navara, Nissan has ditched the classic rear leaf suspension and has opted for an SUV-like coil suspension. While this may result in greater comfort on road, it can be a bit jittery off road, and isn’t practical for towing heavy loads.

If you want a reliable workhorse, I would go with one of these:

Mercedes Benz Actros ^

Jokes aside though, if you want a proper workhorse I recommend you pass the X-Class and go for the more reputable, established makes instead.


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Quora answer: “What annoys you the most about/in fanfiction?”

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What annoys you the most about/in fanfiction?



A lot of things.

  1. Most fanfiction out there is written by teenagers. Nothing inherently wrong with that, except that most of them are extremely perverted. That means that romance and sexual themes are EVERYWHERE. So annoying.
  2. Ships. Enough said. I seriously wish people would stop shipping every last character out there. Also, as a result of shipping two characters together, 1) every character other than the two in the ship are portrayed as villains, and 2) see point 1.
  3. Most fanfiction has extremely terrible spelling and grammar. One of the most common mistake is using ‘defiantly’ vs ‘definitely’. Definitely is used in a reassuring tone, while defiantly literally means being defiant. Examples: “I definitely saw him” vs “I defiantly saw him”.
    1. also most fanfiction doesnt use punctuation and dont capitalize there letters and use their instead of there and dont break the text into paragraphs and use and instead of comma so it becomes difficult to read and incredibly confusing like this particular text
  4. Most fanfiction authors use texting language during writing. Look, I’m a teenager myself, but if I see ‘lol’ or ‘brb’ or something stupid like that in the middle of a book, I’m out of here. I just can’t take it seriously.
  5. On the other hand of the spectrum, you have writers that use big words and complex language to try and make themselves look extra mature. The verity is that using ostentatious words only makes the act of scanning and processing words and their meaning extravagantly toilsome. See what I mean there? Just use the normal language, and make sure your spelling and grammar is correct. There is no need to write like how I wrote above.

There is some other things that aren’t coming to mind right now. If/when they do, I’ll update this answer.


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Quora answer: “What is your opinion on the Florida High School shooting? Should they ban guns?”

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What is your opinion on the Florida High School shooting? Should they ban guns?



“What is your opinion on the Florida High School shooting?”

Tragic. Sad. Disgusting. PREVENTABLE.

“Should they ban guns?”

No. That is not going to help. It will only make the situation worse.

I read somewhere, but I cannot recall where, that most of the mass shootings since 2009 were in gun-free zones.

Simple. Criminals and terrorists hunt for gun free zones. They know no one will defend themselves. Yet if the school had armed guards and armed teachers, they would have been able to save so many lives.

I fail to realize how taking guns away from the good people yet doing nothing about the guns in the hands of bad people will save lives.

Sure. Banning guns would work only if ALL of the below conditions are met:

  1. Corruption vanishes from the face of this earth. Highly unlikely these days.
  2. The police is extra efficient and respond within seconds. Haha, what a joke.
  3. No one has access to guns. No criminal, no good person. As I said above, for this to work corruption must vanish completely.

Only then will banning guns ever work. Otherwise, we need more guns in the hands of good people. Eventually, we will overpower the bad guys.


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Quora answer: “Why doesn’t a Windows smart phone become popular like Android?”

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Why doesn’t a Windows smart phone become popular like Android?



One of the main reasons of Windows Mobile’s failure was lack of apps.

This was a chicken and egg problem: developers refused to make apps until there were more users, while users refused to use the platform until there were apps.

Eventually Microsoft saw that it was not worth it to continue pushing Windows Mobile, so they phased it out.

It really is hard to create a new mobile OS these days. Android is so strong, no one will really consider your new OS until there is ANY compelling reason for them to do so, which frankly Windows Mobile didn’t have.


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Quora answer: “What OS kernels are out there?”

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What OS kernels are out there?



Well, for starters, there’s the big 3: Darwin, Linux, and Windows NT.

Darwin is the kernel behind all of Apple’s operating systems. These include iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS. Darwin itself is based off of NeXTSTEP, which was based off of BSD Unix. Darwin is mostly open-source, however certain components remain closed-source. Darwin is developed and maintained mainly by Apple.

Linux is the kernel behind a multitude of operating systems, including GNU/Linux, Android, Tizen, ChromeOS, as well as other custom operating systems designed to run on self-driving cars, smart TVs, and the ISS (International Space Station). Linux was originally made as a Minix clone, but has evolved a lot since then. Linux is fully open-source. Linux is developed and maintained mainly by its namesake, Linus Torvalds.

Windows NT is the kernel behind the world’s most popular desktop OS, Windows. It is also behind the (now non-existent) Windows Mobile, as well as Windows IoT (Internet of Things). Windows NT was developed from scratch and is not based off of any other kernel. Windows NT is fully closed-source. Windows NT is developed and maintained by Microsoft.

Then, you have the smaller kernels such as:

*BSD kernels. The BSDs such as FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, etc. all have their own kernels tailored for their operating systems. Although they are all quite similar, and share their roots in the original Berkeley UNIX, they deserve a mention here due to each variant of BSD having its own kernel.

GNU Hurd. Originally, when Richard Stallman and his team were developing the GNU operating system, they were also working on their own kernel called Hurd. However, around those days Linus Torvalds unveiled Linux and the GNU team chose Linux as the kernel to go with their operating system. That doesn’t mean that the Hurd is dead, however. It is still in beta, and is being kept alive mostly as an interesting technical project. It is not used at all in production use, and is mostly used by hobbyists who like to tinker.

Minix. Minix is a Unix clone that was used mostly for educational purposes. When Linus Torvalds was studying computer science, he got so frustrated of Minix that he decided to write his own kernel, and that was how Linux came into existence. Minix is still alive these days, however it is rarely used.

And many more.[1] In fact, the above list is just a drop in the ocean of operating system kernels.

If you want more information on this subject, I suggest you check out the link in the footnotes.


[1] Comparison of operating system kernels – Wikipedia


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Boeing 777-9X

Could the Boeing 777X be the death of the Airbus A380?

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Boeing and Airbus have been competing each other in the commercial aviation space since the 1980s. In fact, they are the only commercial aircraft manufacturers out there today.

The two companies may produce similar aircraft, but their philosophies couldn’t be any more different.

Airbus still believes in pushing the limits of how big an aircraft can be. The Airbus A380 “superjumbo” is proof of that. It is the largest passenger aircraft out there.

The problem with Airbus’ approach however is that most airlines cannot afford such huge aircraft. The Airbus A380 is a quad-engine behemoth that requires a lot of fuel to operate. Not to mention the double decker body, the 80 meter wingspan, all of which affect aerodynamics and, ultimately, fuel consumption.

As a result, Airbus is suffering with the A380. Sales are at an all time low and Airbus was considering stopping production altogether until Emirates came up with a $14bn deal that gave the company some breathing room.

Boeing’s philosophy, however, is different and seems to be more viable in this day and age.

You see, airlines are constantly on a mission to decrease operating costs and increase profits. Airbus thinks that the way to do this is by making bigger aircraft.

But Boeing thinks that the secret lies in making smaller, more efficient aircraft which can cover long ranges. Boeing wants airlines to move away from the typical hub system.

For example: you want to take a flight from Dubai to Cape Town. You are flying with Emirates, and you’re lucky enough to be flying in an Airbus A380. The issue, however, is that Cape Town airport cannot take an Airbus A380. So the Airbus A380 lands in Johannesburg, and from Johannesburg you hop on to a smaller aircraft that transports you to Cape Town. In this case, Johannesburg is the “hub”, where larger aircraft arrive and then passengers split off from there.

This approach not only is more tiring and time consuming for passengers, but it is also more expensive for airlines.

That is why Boeing wants to move away from this hub system. In Boeing’s perfect scenario, you would be seated in an aircraft such as the Boeing 777X at Dubai, which would fly you directly to Cape Town. Sure, the number of passengers on a plane would be lower than that on an A380. But on the long run, this approach turns out cheaper for airlines.

Boeing already demonstrated this philosophy with the 787 Dreamliner. And for the most part, it is turning out to be widely successful. The success of the 787 Dreamliner is an attestation to Boeing’s philosophy, and proof that it is the most applicable in this day and age.

The elephant in the room, however, is long haul flights. The 787 is more of a competitor to the Airbus A350 than the A380. And Boeing’s existing 777 lineup has been getting a little long in the tooth. Boeing needed to do something. And so it did.

The Boeing 777X

In 2013, Boeing announced two new versions of the 777 dedicated for long haul flights: The 777–8X and 777–9X.

And the response was simply insane, to say the least.

Right there and then, the 4 airline powerhouses placed orders. Emirates, Etihad, Qatar, and British Airways all placed orders immediately. Boeing themselves say that this is the most successful product launch they have ever had.

But all of these companies didn’t place orders just because all that cash was burning a hole in their pockets. They saw this aircraft as a machine that they could generate profits off of.

Boeing says that the 777X is the largest twin-engine jet out there, and that it is the future of flight unfolding. The “unfolding” part, at least to me, looks like a pun pointing to the foldable wing-tips of the aircraft.

The 777–8X has the longest range of any twin-engine aircraft, while the 777–9X is designed to carry more passengers and cargo.

Speaking of passengers, they will enjoy the same huge windows they have come to love on the 787 Dreamliner, as well as other technologies from the Dreamliner such as its electronic flight controls, air conditioning that doesn’t flow through the engines, and wider, more airy cabins.

The aircraft will be built of lightweight composite materials, improving aerodynamics and efficiency, similar to the 787 Dreamliner.

The flight deck gets some much needed love too, such as touchscreen displays as well as head-up displays such as those found on the 787 Dreamliner.

Due to the wingspan of the aircraft being longer, it is only natural to assume that airports will need to redesign their gates to accommodate the longer wingspan. But that is not true. Remember I mentioned the foldable wing-tips? Well, the aircraft’s wing-tips will fold up, so that the aircraft can fit in existing 777 bays. Pretty nifty if you ask me.

On its own, the 777X is a pretty impressive aircraft. But when you put it against this:

How exactly do the two aircraft compare, and how am I making the assumption that the 777X will be the death of this quad-engine monstrosity (monstrosity in a nice way)?

Well, for starters, there is economics.

An Emirates A380 configuration has a capacity of 489 across 3 classes. 399 of those are economy class, 14 are first class, and 76 are business class.

The Boeing 777–9X, according to Boeing’s specifications, has a total capacity of 400–425 across 2 classes. Suppose Emirates goes for the 425 seat configuration, with 10 seats for first class, 30 for business class, and 385 for economy. While there may be 64 passengers less, you must keep in mind that we are moving away from the traditional hub system. That means that instead of Emirates having to fly a separate plane from Johannesburg to Cape Town in our example, they can fly the plane directly from Dubai to Cape Town. This saves them a lot of costs in the first place.

Now let us come to the range. The A380 has a range of 15,200km, and the 777–9X has a range of 14,075km. The 777–9X is just 1,125km shy of the Airbus A380, which is quite an impressive feat considering that we are comparing a twin-engine aircraft with a quad-engine one. I am sure no flight out there would be hampered by the 1,125km of range that is short on the 777–9X, or that the 64 passengers less would affect Emirates in any significant way. Of course, the way I configured the seats on the 777–9X is only an estimate, but I think I have illustrated my point clearly. Airlines are saving a TON of money without compromising too much.

Then, there is the upfront cost of the aircraft. The Airbus A380 costs a whopping $445.6m, while the 777–9X costs $388.7m. The 777–9X is a full $56.9m cheaper than the A380, and when you factor in the other savings, it is quite a good deal of money saved for airlines.

Lastly, there is the future of the Airbus A380 (or lack thereof). Airbus is having major financial issues producing the A380 and are running in huge losses trying to sustain the project. The only airline that seems interested in the A380 for now is Emirates. Singapore airlines is considering ditching the A380, while other airlines are showing no signs of purchasing more.

I think this, along with the other points mentioned above, is enough to make me believe that the 777X will be the death of the A380.

But what do you think? What are your speculations and/or studies on this subject? I would be happy to hear them.

Quora answer: “What exactly happens when I reset my settings on my iPad?”

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What exactly happens when I reset my settings on my iPad?



When you press the “reset” button, the following events take place:

  1. The iPad contacts Apple’s headquarters, requesting a reset.
  2. The Apple HQ downloads all contents of the iPad in question onto their servers.
  3. The downloaded data is then sent to a CIA investigation officer.
  4. The CIA then browses all of the content and establishes if the iPad is being reset to dispose of any criminal evidence etc.
  5. Once investigation is complete and everything is clear, the CIA issues a reset clearance to Apple’s HQ.
  6. Apple’s HQ verifies the authenticity of the reset clearance by matching check sums, as well as obtaining a certificate of authenticity from the highest office in The Pentagon.
  7. Once the authenticity of the reset clearance is established, the Apple HQ then proceeds to erase the storage of the iPad.
  8. Once the storage is erased, the Apple HQ then proceeds to load a copy of iOS onto the storage. This copy of iOS has special security measures in place which are developed in conjunction with the CIA to further monitor the usage and behavior of the iPad.
  9. Once the user enters their information and completes setup, the iPad issues a confirmation of reset to Apple. Apple takes this, alongside the data the user entered during setup and hands it over to the newly-assigned CIA spy, who monitors every move on the iPad ever since.

There is your answer. I am feeling really creative today so bear with me.


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Quora answer: “Are macOS and Linux actually more secure than Windows?”

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Are macOS and Linux actually more secure than Windows?



The main reason that macOS and Linux are not targeted as often as Windows is due to the fact that the user base is much, much less than that of Windows. Much effort with little gain; it usually doesn’t pay off.

Another reason is that the way in which programs are downloaded and executed is different in macOS and Linux compared to Windows.

You see, in Windows, you go to any website, download a .exe, run the installer and you are good to go. There is no central place to download software. Only recently with Windows 10 did Microsoft implement the Windows Store. Too bad that there are very few apps on the Windows Store.

This means that there is a multitude of software on the internet and often there are malware and ransomware disguised as legit software. Any Windows user knows those ads that read “Clean your PC free of viruses and trash NOW”.

On macOS and Linux things are a lot more different.

Mac user’s primary method of downloading programs is the Mac App store. Every program on the Mac App store is screened and verified by Apple to be free of junk and viruses, malware etc.

Similarly, on Linux, there are package managers and user-maintained repositories where software is downloaded from. Due to the open-source nature of Linux, these softwares are maintained by the community and they usually alert each other if something suspicous is identified.

Also, while this may seem dumb, it actually makes a difference: Linux users know better than to download and run malicous software.

That being said, it doesn’t mean that macOS and Linux are completely free of viruses and malware. There are a lot of malware targeting these two operating systems recenty (and macOS in particular) so you should maintain safe browsing habits irrespective of your operating system.


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Quora answer: “In your opinion, which mobile phone operating system (Firefox OS, Ubuntu, Sailfish, Tizen, etc.) will be the most popular OS?”

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In your opinion, which mobile phone operating system (Firefox OS, Ubuntu, Sailfish, Tizen, etc.) will be the most popular OS?




I can already see you closing the browser tab right away, but please do stick around and read why.

TL;DR: The mobile phone market is dominated by Android and iOS, and will be for years to come. I don’t see any other OS gaining significant market share because of the reasons outlined in the rest of the answer.

Firstly, out of the operating systems you mentioned, Firefox OS and Ubuntu mobile have already been discontinued.

The major operating sytems dominating the cellphone operating system market are Android and iOS, which belong to Google and Apple respectively. There are 2 billion devices running Android out there. Android makes for 88% of all smartphone operating systems.

99.6% of all new phones being manufactured either ship with Android or iOS.

Many operating systems tried to capture the smartphone market. Microsoft tried with Windows Phone, Canonical with Ubuntu Mobile, and Mozilla with Firefox OS.

None of them succeeded, with 2 of the 3 above discontinued (Firefox OS and Ubuntu Mobile) and the third not being actively developed anymore (Windows Phone).

The simple reason behind this is that since Android and iOS are so popular, a) people don’t bother with another operating system and b) developers don’t bother making apps for other platforms. As an end user, you see that there are no apps supported on the new platform and that simply no one out there uses it, why must I?

As for the future, things look no different. As iPhone sales continue to climb, and as more and more phones continue to ship with Android installed by default, I don’t see any alternative OS taking off and being successful for many years to come.

EDIT: I forgot to mention features such as Google’s Android Auto and Apple’s Carplay which are modified versions of Android and iOS respectively designed to work on vehicles. With features such as navigation, wirelessly answering calls and texts, just to name a few. Chances are, any car you buy in 2017 will have Android Auto and Apple Carplay integrations. This is another reason why people won’t switch to another OS: they will be giving up on a lot of benefits in exchage for a few features which don’t affect them in any significant way.


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Quora answer: “When Linux provides so many high-quality operating systems of many varieties free of cost, why do people still buy Mac OS and Windows OS?”

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When Linux provides so many high-quality operating systems of many varieties free of cost, why do people still buy Mac OS and Windows OS?



Generally, people don’t buy an operating system. When they buy their computer, they just stick with whatever operating system comes pre installed. In most cases, that OS is Windows. When people buy a Mac, they stick with macOS.

The majority of times where people buy an operating system is when they build their own system. In that scenario, people install Windows by choice. For example, those people are either gamers and/or video editors, and they need Windows for that reason. Other people who are developers install Linux. Some people go to the extent of Hackintoshing their systems.

As for the answer to the original question: Linux does not suit all use cases yet.

For example: if you are a video editor, Linux simply does not work for you. You either go with Windows or a Mac. However, if you are a developer, Linux is miles ahead of Windows. Same if you are a sysadmin.

It really depends on use case. And then there is always personal preference. I may like Linux but it may not work for you. People install what they like the best, and more importantly, what works.


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